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Table 4 Infection prevention and control indicators over time [53,54,55,56,57]

From: National initiatives to promote quality of care and patient safety: achievements to date and challenges ahead

Indicator First Year Incidence in the First Year Last Year Incidence in the Last Year
CPE, long-term geriatric centers /100,000 patient-days 2010 32 2019 4
CPE, nursing homes / 100,000 catheter-days 2010 7.8 2019 0.8
CLABSI, all ICU types / 1000 catheter-days 2012 7.5 2019 2.1
C. diff, general hospital beds / 100,000 patient-days 2016 35.6 2018 31.5
C. diff, non-general hospital beds / 100,000 patient-days 2016 24.4 2018 14.4
CAUTI, internal medicine / 1000 catheter-days 2017 3.6 2019 3
CAUTI, surgery/1000 catheter-days 2017 2.5 2019 3
CAUTI, geriatrics/1000 catheter-days 1997 2.8 2017 4
Antibiotic use, intensive-care unit, DDD / 100 patient-days 2012 131.7 2018 113.1
Antibiotic use, internal medicine, DDD / 100 patient-days 2012 89.9 2018 75.1
Antibiotic use, surgery, DDD / 100 patient-days 2012 94.7 2018 79.9
Antibiotic use, long-term geriatric centers, DDD / 100 patient-days 2012 26 2018 14
Antibiotic use, primary care, DDD / 1000 enrollees/day 2012 18.5 2018 17.8
  1. Bold print represents substantial improvement in comparison with previous time point (see Methods section)
  2. CPE Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, CLABSI centeral-line associated blood-stream infection, C, diff Clostridium difficile, CAUTI catheter-associated urinary tract infection, DDD defined daily dose