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Table 1 Patient demographics and baseline characteristics

From: Relationship between patient ethnicity and prevalence of anemia during pregnancy and the puerperium period and compliance with healthcare recommendations - implications for targeted health policy

Group Jews Arabs p value
N 805 723  
Maternal age (years) 30.4 (5.0) [30,27–34] 27.8 (5.2) [27,24–31] <.0001
Number of deliveries 2.4 (1.5) [2,1-3] 2.4 (1.3) [2,1-3] 0.13
Primiparity 256 (32%) 235 (33%) 0.77
Delivery week 39.4 (1.4)
[39.6,38.4–40.4]
39.3 (1.4)
[39.4,38.4–40.3]
0.20
Group of original study    
Symptoms 391 (49%) 402 (56%) 0.006
Screening 414 (41%) 321 (44%)  
Beta thalassemia minor 4 (0.5%) 22 (3%) 0.0001
Smoking 7 (0.9%) 1 (0.1%) 0.07
Place of residence
 City > 20,000 residents 441 (55%) 327 (45%) 0.0002
 Village ≤20,000 residents 364 (45%) 396 (55%)  
Socio-Economic Indexa (−0.1) (0.4)
[(− 0.1),(− 0.2)-(− 0.1)]
(− 1.1) (0.4)
[(− 1.2),(1.3)-(− 0.8)]
<.0001
Pre-pregnancy BMI 23.4 (4.4)
[22.5,20.6–25.5]
24.3 (4.6)
[23.6,21.3–26.8]
<.0001
Gestational diabetes mellitus 65 (8%) 74 (10%) 0.14
Pre-gestational diabetesmellitus 7 (0.9%) 5 (0.7%) 0.69
Chronic hypertension 8 (1%) 7 (1%) 0.95
Gestational hypertension 25 (3.1%) 25 (3.5%) 0.7
Epidural analgesia 370 (46%) 182 (25%) <.0001
Labor induction 261 (32%) 297 (41%) 0.0005
Revision of uterine cavity and cervix (due to hemorrhage) 31 (4%) 28 (4%) 0.98
Manual removal of placenta 11 (1.4%) 8 (1.1%) 0.65
Vacuum extraction delivery 40 (5%) 19 (3%) 0.02
Prolonged second stage of delivery 27 (3.4%) 11 (1.5%) 0.02
Shoulder dystocia 6 (0.8%) 4 (0.6%) 0.76
Perineal tear ≥ grade 3
(involving anal sphincter)
5 (0.6%) 4 (0.6%) 1
Episiotomy 65 (8%) 67 (9%) 0.41
  1. Values are presented as mean (SD) [median, IQR] or number (percent)
  2. a This index was not available for very small authorities (missing to 230 and 111 women in the Jews and Arabs group, respectively)
  3. Pre-pregnancy BMI (body mass index) data were missing for 9 women