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Table 2 Study endpoints before delivery, at early postpartum period and 6 weeks postpartum

From: Relationship between patient ethnicity and prevalence of anemia during pregnancy and the puerperium period and compliance with healthcare recommendations - implications for targeted health policy

Group N Jews N Arabs p value
Before delivery
 Hb 805 12.0 (1.2) [12.0,11.2–12.8] 723 11.9 (1.3) [11.9,11.0–12.7] 0.07
 HCT 805 35.1 (3.3) [35.2,33.2–37.3] 723 34.8 (3.5) [34.8,32.5–37.1] 0.03
 Hb < 10.5 g/dL 805 88 (11%) 723 98 (14%) 0.11
 Hb < 10 g/dL 805 49 (6%) 723 56 (8%) 0.2
 Hb ≤ 9.5 g/dL 805 26 (3%) 723 31 (4%) 0.28
ARS score ad 628 1.7 (1.8) [1.2,0.4–2.6] 570 2.6 (2.2)
[2.4,0.8–4]
<.0001
Early postpartum (during maternity department admission)
 Hb < 10 g/dLb 216 121 (56%) 197 115 (58%) 0.63
 Hb < 9.5 g/dL b 216 101 (47%) 197 102 (52%) 0.31
 Iron supplementation during pregnancy 572 518 (90%) 493 454 (92%) 0.38
 Treatment with IV iron sucrose for postpartum anemia 805 89 (11%) 723 106 (15%) 0.04
 Breastfeeding during admission at maternity department 610 533 (87%) 561 539 (96%) <.0001
SF-36 itemsc
 SF-36 Physical Functioningd 602 73.3 (26.5) [80,55–95] 555 70.5 (24.4)
[75,55–90]
0.003
 SF-36 Role limitations due to physical health 595 32.9 (39.7)
[25,0–75]
543 37.5 (41.8)
[25,0–75]
0.1
 SF-36 Pain 585 53.5 (24.0) [55.0,32.5–67.5] 543 51.7 (24.7)
[45.0,35.0–67.5]
0.31
 SF-36 General Healthd 611 75.6 (14.0) [79.2,66.7–87.5] 569 66.3 (15.1) [66.7,58.3–75.0] <.0001
 SF-36 Energy/fatigue 580 48.6 (18.1) [50,35–60] 529 47.4 (21.5)
[50,30–60]
0.34
 SF-36 Social functioningd 591 78.1 (19.7) [80.0,65.0–100] 541 70.6 (24.1) [77.5,55.0–90.0] <.0001
 SF-36 Role limitations due tod emotional problems 585 67.2 (43.0) [100,33.3–100] 539 53.7 (45.4) [66.7,0–100] <.0001
 SF-36 Emotional well-beingd 580 69.9 (10.6) [72,64–76] 530 61.3 (15.2)
[64,52–72]
<.0001
 ARS score after deliveryad 625 1.9 (2.0)
[1.4,0.6–2.8]
570 2.3 (2.2)
[1.8,0.6–3.4]
0.006
 Fatigue severity scale scoresa 570 32.8 (12.4) [33,23–42] 521 33.1 (14.1)
[33,21–44]
0.12
6 weeks Postpartum
 Breastfeeding ≥30 days 744 474 (64%) 647 539 (83%) <.0001
 Iron supplementation during postpartum period 743 532 (72%) 647 537 (83%) <.0001
 ARS scoread 745 0.5 (1.1) [0,0–0.4] 646 0.9 (1.4) [0,0–1.2] <.0001
 Functional capacityd 744 9.2 (1.5)
[9, 10]
646 8.9 (1.8)
[8–10]
0.007
 Performed CBC 805 265 (33%) 723 242 (34%) 0.82
 Hb (g/dL) 265 12.7 (0.9) [12.7,12.1–13.3] 242 12.4 (1.0) [12.4,11.7–13.1] <.0001
 Hb < 12 (g/dL) 265 55 (21%) 242 68 (28%) 0.054
 Hb < 11 (g/dL) d 265 8 (3%) 242 23 (10%) 0.002
  1. Values are presented as mean (SD) [median, IQR] or number (percent)
  2. a Anemia-related symptoms score was comprised of 5 questions regarding symptoms that are related to anemia (fatigue, dizziness, palpitations and shortness of breath), ranked on a scale of 0 (best) to 10 (worst); fatigue severity scale score was scored so that a high score defines a less favorable health state
  3. b Only women that performed CBC postpartum were included
  4. c The SF-36 items were scored such that a high score indicated a more favorable health state
  5. d After adjusting to group of original study, beta thalassemia minor, place of residence, socio-economic index value (below the median value versus at least the median value), only SF-36 Physical Functioning remained statistically significant (p = 0.03). The variable Hb < 11 g/dL was adjusted using multivariate logistic regression. The rest of the variables were adjusted using multivariate ANOVA
  6. ARS anemia-related symptoms; CBC complete blood count, Hb hemoglobin; HCT hematocrit