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Table 3 Self-rated health among Palestinian citizens of Israel by socio-demographic and health-related factors

From: Correlates of psychological distress and self-rated health among Palestinian citizens of Israel: findings from the health and environment survey (HESPI)

Self-rated health
Socio-demographic and health-related factors Poor Not so good Good Excellent  
N% N % N % N %
246 (12.2) 315 (15.6) 723 (35.8) 734 (36.4)
Male Female Total M F M F M F M F p value*
n 971 1047 2018 103 (10.6) 143 (13.7)   150 (15.4) 165 (15.8)   345 (35.5) 378 (36.1)   373 (38.4) 361 (34.4)  
  χ2 = 6.067; df = 3; p = < 0.108
Age
 18–24 137 167 .7 3.0 2.0 5.8 5.4 5.6 26.4 26.9 26.6 67.2 64.7 65.8 .559
 25–34 237 285 4.6 3.9 4.2 7.6 4.2 5.7 33.3 37.9 35.8 54.4 54.0 54.2 .318
 35–44 249 228 6.0 10.1 8.0 6.4 10.1 8.2 49.4 52.2 50.7 38.2 27.6 33.1 .035
 45–64 250 249 16.8 17.7 17.2 26.4 32.9 29.7 35.2 36.9 36.1 21.6 12.4 17.0 .044
 65≥ 98 118 34.7 50.8 43.5 42.9 33.1 37.5 19.4 11.9 15.3 3.1 4.2 3.7 .080
  χ2 = 739.225; df = 12; p = < 0.001
Educational level
 No education 86 134 30.2 41.8 37.3 37.2 30.6 33.2 19.8 20.9 20.5 12.8 6.7 9.1 .193
 Primary school 272 270 15.8 18.5 17.2 23.5 25.9 24.7 35.3 36.3 35.8 25.4 19.3 22.3 .362
 Partial high-school 272 246 7.7 8.5 8.1 9.9 10.6 10.2 41.9 45.1 43.3 40.4 35.8 38.2 .753
 High-school diploma 211 256 3.3 4.7 4.1 8.1 7.8 7.9 30.3 35.2 33.0 58.3 52.3 55.0 .551
 Academic 120 129 4.2 2.3 3.2 8.3 5.4 6.8 41.7 36.4 39.0 45.8 55.8 51.0 .380
  χ2 = 443.336; df = 12; p = < 0.001
Poverty
 Above poverty line 440 432 9.5 6.5 8.0 12.5 14.4 13.4 35.2 40.7 38.0 42.7 38.4 40.6 .119
 Below poverty line 404 457 10.2 17.9 14.6 16.3 14.4 15.3 35.9 35.0 35.4 36.9 32.6 34.6 .030
  χ2 = 22.707; df = 3; p = < 0.001
Geographical district
 Northern district 517 543 10.4 14.2 12.4 17.0 15.5 16.2 37.5 35.5 36.5 35.0 34.8 34.9 .299
 Haifa district 205 199 11.2 12.1 11.6 12.7 19.6 16.1 35.6 33.7 34.7 40.5 34.7 37.6 .259
 Central district 124 165 8.9 15.8 12.8 9.7 8.5 9.0 28.2 38.2 33.9 53.2 37.6 44.3 .033
 Southern district 125 140 12.0 11.4 11.7 19.2 20.0 19.6 34.4 39.3 37.0 34.4 29.3 31.7 .798
  χ2 = 18.203; df = 9; p = 0.033
BMI
 Low/healthy 229 463 12.0 9.1 10.2 12.7 8.9 10.4 29.4 33.9 32.2 45.8 48.2 47.2 .138
 Overweight 496 348 9.3 10.9 10.0 15.5 16.4 15.9 36.3 43.1 39.1 38.9 29.6 35.1 .043
 Obese 156 184 9.6 28.3 19.7 17.9 28.3 23.5 46.2 30.4 37.6 26.3 13.0 19.1 <.001
  χ2 = 107; df = 6; < 0.001
Chronic disease
 None 685 714 2.3 2.8 2.6 5.0 4.3 4.6 40.1 44.8 42.5 52.6 48.0 50.3 .284
 One 134 125 20.1 22.4 21.2 42.5 38.4 40.5 29.9 27.2 28.6 7.5 12.0 9.7 .580
 Two or more 144 200 41.0 46.0 43.9 39.6 42.0 41.0 17.4 10.5 13.4 2.1 1.5 1.7 .294
  χ2 = 1071.481; df = 6; p = < 0.001  
Psychological distress
 Low distress 694 617 5.8 5.0 5.4 13.3 12.2 12.7 36.6 40.2 38.3 44.4 42.6 43.6 .578
 High distress 277 430 22.7 26.0 24.8 20.9 20.9 20.9 32.9 30.2 12.3 23.5 22.8 23.1 .766
  χ2 = 220.049; df = 3; p = < 0.001
  1. *for gender differences within each sub-category