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Table 2 The distribution of HBM variables, attitudes and other variables across categories of using food labeling (N = 513)

From: Determinants of Israeli consumers’ decision to use food label information more frequently: a national survey study

  Entire sample Food labels affect buying decisions
% Rarely/ Never (%)
(N = 117)
Sometimes (%)
(N = 92)
Often/ Always (%)
(N = 304)
Benefit 1: food labels prevent cheating
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 55.9% 26.8% 20.8% 52.4%***
 Agree to a large /very large extent 441%. 15.6% 15.1% 69.3%
Benefit 2: food labels provide useful information
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 322%. 28.4% 23.5% 48.1%***
 Agree to a large /very large extent 678%. 18.8% 15.5% 65.7%
Benefit 3: food labels ensure the quality and safety of food
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 575%. 25.9% 21.7% 52.4%***
 Agree to a large /very large extent 425%. 16.1% 14.2% 69.7%
Barriers for using labels
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 64.1% 17.4% 17.1% 65.4%***
 Agree to a large /very large extent 35.9% 31.1% 19.7% 49.2%
Perceived importance of reading food labels
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 49.2% 25.7% 18.3% 56.0%
 Agree to a large /very large extent 50.8% 18.1% 18.5% 63.5%
Confidence of using labels
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 43.9% 31.5% 23.3% 45.2%***
 Agree to a large /very large extent 56.1% 13.6% 14.3% 72.1%
Importance of healthy nutrition
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 4.3% 77.3% 9.1% 13.6%***
 Agree to a large /very large extent 95.7% 20.4% 18.3% 61.3%
Response efficacy
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 16.7% 33.7% 22.9% 43.4%***
 Agree to a large /very large extent 83.3% 19.1% 16.7% 64.3%
Health motivation
 Not agree at all/agree to small or medium extent 38.0% 28.9% 18.0% 53.1%**
 Agree to a large /very large extent 62.0% 19.3% 18.0% 62.7%
Perceived risk level from unhealthy foods
 Very low/low /moderate risk 11.3% 42.1% 19.3% 38.6%***
 High /very high risk 88.7% 20.3% 17.6% 62.1%
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1