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Table 2 Healthcare utilization and mortality*

From: The importance of having good quality indicators for care of patients with COPD: a look at hospital readmission rates

  Total group No hospitalization in the year before the index hospitalization  ≥ 1 hospitalization the year before index hospitalization
  Without re-admission (n = 466) With re-admission (n = 737) p-value Without re-admission (n = 140) With re-admission (n = 99) p-value Without re-admission (n = 326) With re-admission (n = 638) p-value
Index hospitalization length (days) 5.5 ± 7.3 4.8 ± 5.0 0.07 5.1 ± 5.0 4.1 ± 3. 3 0.08 5.6 ± 8.0 4.9 ± 5.2 0.11
No. of family physician visits the year before index hospitalization 13.2 ± 10.3 17.5 ± 11.7  < 0.0001 8.5 ± 7.0 9.2 ± 6.9 0.44 15.2 ± 10.8 18.8 ± 11.1  < 0.0001
No. of family physician visits in 3 months after index hospitalization 4.2 ± 3.5 6.2 ± 4.0  < 0.0001 3.7 ± 2.8 5.6 ± 4.2 0.0001 4.4 ± 3.8 6.3 ± 4.0  < 0.0001
Pulmonologist visit the year before index hospitalization 32.6% 46.3%  < 0.0001 12.1% 13.1% 0.82 41.4% 51.4% 0.003
Pulmonologist visit the year after index hospitalization 32.0% 56.0%  < 0.0001 29.2% 61.6%  < 0.0001 33.1% 55.2%  < 0.0001
1 year mortality after index hospitalization 9.2% 15.1% 0.003 3.6% 12.1% 0.01 11.6% 15.5% 0.10
  1. *Readmission within 90 days