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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of the participants with low and high levels of trust in COVID-19 policy (by percentage) and comparison between the groups

From: Trust in COVID-19 policy among public health professionals in Israel during the first wave of the pandemic: a cross-sectional study

Variable Value Trust in COVID-19 policy*  
Low level (n = 56) [%] High level (n = 56) [%] p-value
Public health professiona      < 0.05
  Public health physician 35.8 15.7  
  Researcher 34.0 33.3  
  Other health professional 30.2 51.0  
Professional seniority in public healtha     0.751
  1–4 years 12.7 17.9  
  5–10 years 23.6 21.4  
  11–15 years 18.2 12.5  
  Over 16 years 45.5 48.2  
Gendera     0.531
  Male 33.3 27.8  
  Female 66.7 72.2  
Religiona     0.741
  Jewish 89.1 87.0  
  Muslim 7.3 1.8  
  Christian 1.8 9.3  
Level of religiositya     0.429
  Secular 80.0 73.6  
  Traditional 9.1 9.4  
  Religious 10.9 15.1  
  Ultra-Orthodox 0.0 1.9  
Involvement in decision-making processesa     0.654
  Low 78.6 75.0  
  High 21.4 25.0  
  Mean SD Mean SD **
Trust in Ministry of Healthb 2.52 0.786 3.91 0.769  < 0.001
Trust in Minister of Healthb 1.23 0.504 1.89 0.985  < 0.001
Trust in Prime Ministerb 1.59 0.848 2.64 1.23  < 0.001
Agec 48.7 12.8 50.2 10.1 0.530
Use of Israeli Security Agency toolsc 2.21 0.695 3.17 0.638  < 0.001
Personal compliancec 4.05 0.883 4.42 0.541  < 0.01
  1. *Percentage of participants with low and high levels of trust in COVID-19 policy by socio-demographic characteristics
  2. **Mean and standard deviation for levels of trust in the various agencies, age, use of Israeli Security Agency tools and personal compliance, between participants with low compared to high levels of trust in COVID-19 policy
  3. aPearson’s chi-squared test
  4. bMann–Whitney U test
  5. cIndependent samples t-test